Sugar Land Prison now Houston Museum of Natural Science
This Houston Museum of Natural Science at Sugar Land was at one time a prison farm. It was the first industrialized prison farm in the state of Texas and was built entirely with prison labor. Completed in 1939 the cost was a mere $73,000.
Central State Prison Farm, Camp Two was nicknamed Two Camp by the inmates as well as prison guards.
Back in those days all Texas prison farms were meant to be self-sufficient. Inmates worked at a number of jobs. Some helped to build railroad tracks. Others worked in lumbering and mining.
At Two Camp farming was the primary job. Cotton, the principal crop, was tended mostly by African-Americans since the prison system was segregated at that time.
Goods and services were shared between units of the prison system. Even the bricks used in constructing this massive building were made by inmates elsewhere. Food was grown and shared. Inmates could eat all they wanted but no food was to be wasted for fear of punishment.
The prisoners at this unit lived in large communal dormitories referred to as “Tanks.” Up to 80 prisoners shared a tank. Personal belongings were housed in lockers along the wall. The rest of the open space contained bunks, showers, sinks, toilets, urinals and a barber chair.
Bars extended above the lockers to the ceiling and inmates could see into the adjoining tank. There were 4 tanks on the first floor and 3 on the 2nd floor. Also on the 2nd floor were guard’s quarters, a recreation hall, school house, laundry and infirmary. The doctors and dentists operating out of the infirmary were also inmates. In cases of more serious injuries or illness the inmates would be transferred elsewhere for treatment.
Hard labor was the norm during the week but on Saturdays and Sundays some time was allowed for sports like baseball or boxing. Attending school classes or church services and visits from family members were also reserved for those days.
Evenings provided time for watching movies or practicing for talent shows.
Much of the information above along with photos of the prison and pictures of some of the inmates are provided inside of the museum. The data is portrayed on large poster type boards attached to a wall on the first floor next to a simulated archeological Dig Pit for children.
When segregation of prisons ended (1968-1969) this building became a storage unit. It was eventually purchased by a land developer and in 2008 was transferred to the City of Sugar Land.
The opening of the Houston Museum of Natural Science in Sugar Land took place on October 3, 2009.
On the first floor at the Museum of Natural Science at Sugar Land is a cast skeleton of a Tyrannosaurus Rex which would have lived 65 million years ago. Alive in that same time period is a museum cast of a Struthiomimus dinosaur that was deemed an “ostrich mimic.” Both came from the Cretaceous Period.
Most people are aware that the Tyrannosaurus Rex dinosaur was a carnivore. According to a sign not only was his vision excellent but he had a “sense of smell better than two dozen bloodhounds combined.”
Science on a Sphere is amazing to view. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration designed a projection system which “allows pictures and videos to be warped and displayed on a spherical surface.” It almost looks like a planet floating in the air. The images of the continents and clouds swirling about must be somewhat similar to what our astronauts view when looking at earth from the international space station.
There is quite a sizable display regarding frogs on the first floor of the Houston Museum of Natural Science. One of the informative signs makes it clear that “Technically speaking, all toads are frogs but not all frogs are toads.”
There are almost 500 species of toads. Toads do have warty looking skin but contrary to what some people believe…they do not give a person warts because of touching them.
The toxins which can be squirted or ooze out of a toads glands are foul tasting. That bad taste protects them against predators. In some cases it can be toxic enough to kill an animal the size of a dog.
Cases containing live frogs were adjacent to boards telling all about them including their natural habitat.
Information regarding the Smokey Jungle Frog aka Leptodactylus pentadactylus was the following:
“The Smokey Jungle Frog builds foam nests for its eggs on land or in the water. When the carnivorous tadpoles hatch they will even eat each other! The powerful legs of this frog make it an excellent jumper and a culinary delight in some countries. Large frogs like the Smokey Jungle Frog, play an important role in the food chain by eating mice, birds, insects and other frogs.”
The so called “Frog Capital of the World” is Rayne, Louisiana. A Parisian by the name of Jacques Weil established a company that shipped fresh bullfrogs by rail to restaurants like Sardi’s in New York. The frogs were kept in the dark and on ice.
Frogs are associated with fertility, childbirth, abundance and prosperity in many cultures.
Some of the live frogs on display inside the museum include the Red-eyed Tree Frog, Vietnamese Mossy Frog, Dyeing Poison Frog and the American Bullfrog among others.
A small darkened cave-like room on the first floor has an interesting display of Florescent Minerals. Part of the sign reads as follows:
“These ore samples are all from the mines of the Franklin and Sterling Hill mining districts in the northwestern corner of New Jersey, world famous as a source of florescent minerals. The ore bodies of these mines are unique mixtures of zinc-manganese-iron found nowhere else in the world. This unusual combination has produced over 340 different mineral species in the mines, over 80 of which fluoresce, glowing in a rainbow of bright colors when exposed to ultra-violet light.”
In regular lighting these rocks look just like ordinary rocks. It is only under ultra-violet light that they become items of exceptional beauty.
While it is more extensive than what is shown in this Sugar Land branch museum, there are more giant sized specimens on display here. Many of them are taller than an average man in height.
It is amazing how the colorful and glittering insides of these rock formations form a sharp contrast to their more drab exteriors. Of course some crystalline formations grow beautifully and need not be cut open to be enjoyed.
Meteorites from outer space are also on display.
“The large, stony Allende Meteorite shows a black fusion crust, produced as atmospheric heating melted the stone’s exterior during its fiery descent. The sliced Allende Meteorite shows light-colored, calcium-aluminum inclusions (or CAIs) that are 30 million years older than the Earth and 700 million years older than the oldest known rock on Earth.”
There is much to learn about our solar system as well as stars and nebulas when visiting this section of the museum.
They even have a small Digital Dome Theater that has different shows every half hour. Most people enjoy the shows by laying on the floor while gazing up at the concave ceiling. A few chairs are provided at the back perimeter for those who may have a problem easily getting up from the floor.
We enjoyed one of the shows which portrayed possible reasons for the extinction of dinosaurs.
Speaking of Dinosaurs…there are many of them both large and small on display on the 2nd floor.
It is amazing to think that creatures such as this once roamed our planet.
I certainly would not wish to tangle with anything that large or dangerous looking like some of the ones on display!
It is one thing to look at excavated bones on display but then another entirely to look at a simulated fleshed out dinosaur like the one above. Yikes! Look at those teeth!
Fossils of all types are in abundance at this natural science museum.
There were cases and cases of fossils on display!
In the middle photo above to the front are some Crinoids.
“Crinoids, also called “sea lilies,” are animals related to sea urchins and starfish.”
There are many interactive hands on displays on the second floor where adults and children can become educated on many different subjects. A Block Party Too room is set aside for adults and their children for some playtime fun. There is a slight extra charge to use this room as there is for the Archeological Dig Pit on the ground floor designed for kids.
Another room is set aside for meetings and parties such as birthday celebrations. It was not being utilized on the day of our visit but offers generous space for various type affairs. Personnel at the museum can be consulted for available times.
This by no means describes everything that there is to do and see while visiting the Houston Museum of Natural Science at Sugar Land. Be sure to click on the highlighted link above to learn more.
It is a delightful museum in which to learn about our natural world and be entertained at the same time. The staff is very friendly and helpful.
I took many photos on the day of our visit and will show just a few more. If you wish to see live Red-bellied piranhas or view a reconstructed scary looking jaw of a Megalodon…the largest shark that ever lived…be sure and visit this delightful museum.
From the amazing adult skull of a Trombone Duckbill dinosaur to simulated sea creatures that once existed to Titanosaur dinosaur eggs, there is that and much more to be discovered. A person could spend several hours in this museum or even entire days.
From the permanent microscope lab to special programs, field trips and student labs, there is something here for everyone. Seasonal holiday program offerings will surely entice further visits to this museum for many people.
Future expansion plans include a full sized planetarium, a theater and classrooms. The location of this fabulous museum: 13016 University Blvd., Sugar Land, Texas 77479.