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Chapels and Churches

Chapel of St. Basil: An Architectural Beauty

Chapel of St. Basil from Academic Mall
Posted: March 27, 2017 at 6:33 pm   /   by   /   comments (0)

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Chapel of St. Basil

The amazing Chapel of St. Basil is an architectural marvel on the University of St. Thomas campus in Houston, Texas.  Designed by the famous architect Philip Johnson in 1997, it capped off his fantastic career in grand fashion.

Mass schedule at Chapel of St. Basil

Mass schedule at Chapel of St. Basil

Architecture

The engineering firm of CJG based in Houston, as well as Austin, carried out the plans of Philip Johnson’s design.  Black granite contrasts sharply with the white stucco of the building.

A cube, a plane, and a semi-sphere were the main elements used in the creation of this beautiful Chapel of St. Basil. The black granite plane appears to slice right through the cube, and the gold dome crowns the edifice.

Design Symbolism

A tent-like flap opening into the narthex or lobby area of the chapel is very distinctive.  The largest bell pictured above represents St. Basil.  Next to the largest bell is a smaller one which represents his brother, St. Gregory of Nyssa.  The smallest bell represents their sister, St. Macrina the Younger who was a nun in the early Christian church.

Much symbolism is represented in the construction of the Chapel of St. Basil.

Chapel of St. Basil view from Academic Mall on the University of St. Thomas

Chapel of St. Basil view from Academic Mall on the University of St. Thomas

Academic Mall

The vast grassy area with the classrooms facing out onto it is called the Academic Mall at the University of St. Thomas.  It is a beautiful serene setting!

This Chapel of St. Basil is situated at the north end of the mall with the Doherty Library at the opposite end.  A symbolic merging of faith and reason combined with all the interdisciplinary academic studies ranging in between the two anchoring buildings makes a subtle statement.

View of Academic Mall looking towards Doherty Library

View of Academic Mall looking towards Doherty Library

Lighting Inside of the Chapel

One of the fantastic features regarding the architecture of the Chapel of St. Basil is that there is zero use of artificial light inside the structure.  The only extra illumination in addition to cleverly designed windows and reflective surfaces plus the glass cross built into the west side of the building is from the use of candles.

Brightness inside of this chapel changes with the time of day and reflected effects of sunshine.  At night the natural, as well as artificial outdoor lighting combined with the candlelight, is enough to keep the chapel illuminated.

Chapel of St. Basil showing natural illumination inside entrance from the ceiling

Chapel of St. Basil showing natural illumination inside entrance from the ceiling

Interior view of St. Basil's Chapel

Interior view of St. Basil’s Chapel

Stations of the Cross

The Stations of the Cross are amazing and are hollow and not convex as my photo above might suggest.  They are carved and indented into the stucco wall!  From many angles, they appear as though they are raised and curving out from the surface.

Interior view of the chapel with glass cross cutout & concave stations of the cross

Interior view of the chapel with glass cross cutout & concave stations of the cross

Closeup of concave stations of the cross

Closeup of concave stations of the cross

Interior view with detail of one station of the cross

Interior view with detail of one station of the cross

Other Features Inside the Chapel

Recessed into the wall is the cross above the altar.  The Menil family donated the body of Christ.

A pipe organ is a prominent feature on the wall to the right of the altar.

An icon of St. Basil is over where the Eucharist is kept inside a tabernacle.  The tabernacle is to the left of the altar and is the primary focus when first entering the chapel from the doors at the back.

A sculpture of Mary with the Christ child on her lap is titled “Our Lady, Seat of Wisdom.”  This sculpture is the main feature on the east wall across from the glass cross and stations of the cross.

As you can tell the inside of this chapel is modern and beautiful in a minimalistic style.

Interior view with a closer look at the altar

Interior view with a closer look at the altar

Interior view of the Chapel of St. Basil with pipe organ

Interior view of the Chapel of St. Basil with pipe organ

Interior view of St. Basil's Chapel with icon & a tabernacle

Interior of St. Basil’s Chapel with icon & tabernacle

A closeup of sculpture

A closeup of sculpture

Felicie Babin Gucymard Memorial Garden

Beauty continues on the outside.  The photo above shows a portion of the Felicie Babin Gucymard Memorial Garden against a backdrop of the Chapel of St. Basil and other university buildings.  This garden consists of a labyrinth, three fountains representing the Trinity and four corner benches.  Again symbolism is at work here.

The Chartres Labyrinth was a gift from Ruth Westkaemper in honor of her class at UST in 1955.  Those who wander the pattern of the 11 circles leading to the center are supposed to be prayerful and meditative as if on an actual pilgrimage to Jerusalem.

A photographer was taking wedding photos on the day of our visit.  I tried to capture my photos while staying out of the line of sight of the professional photographer with the young newlywed couple.

This beautiful prayer garden has a crushed gravel walkway around the central part of the outdoor oasis with the labyrinth and fountains.  Colorful roses, crape myrtles, and other trees and bushes add to the beauty of the plot.

Felicie Babin Gucymard Memorial Garden & west side view of St. Basil's Chapel

Felicie Babin Gucymard Memorial Garden & west side view of St. Basil’s Chapel

Memorial Garden with the labyrinth

Memorial Garden with the labyrinth

Pretty roses in the Felicie Babin Gucymard Memorial Garden

Pretty roses in the Felicie Babin Gucymard Memorial Garden

Samfield Memorial Study Garden

Just across from the Felicie Babin Gucymard Memorial Garden is an area of benches surrounding a statue of Jesus Christ by sculptor Lorenzo Ghiglieri.  It is called the Samfield Memorial Study Garden.

These are two beautiful areas for the University of St. Thomas students to be able to sit outdoors and pore over their books and take a break from their studies.

Jesus Christ sculpture by Lorenzo Ghiglieri in Samfield Memorial Study Garden

Jesus Christ sculpture by Lorenzo Ghiglieri in Samfield Memorial Study Garden

Side view of the Chapel of St. Basil from the street

Side view of the Chapel of St. Basil from the street

The University of St. Thomas Campus

Viewing the Chapel of St. Basil from the road on the east side of the chapel shows another perspective of how the granite plane seems to slice through the cube shape.  We had just spent some time walking around the Link-Lee Mansion on the University of St. Thomas campus.

Adjacent to this historic mansion is the Edward P. White Memorial Plaza.  The architect Philip Johnson also designed it.  If you click on the link above you will see some similarities in that plaza and the chapel.  The black granite and slanted cross are notably evident in both places.

University of St. Thomas campus is a beauty in the heart of Houston.  I hope you enjoyed this look at the beautiful chapel on the campus.

The location where you can find the Chapel of St. Basil: 3800 Montrose Blvd., Houston, Texas 77006.

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